Association Croquet - The Game and how it is played
Association croquet is a challenging and intriguing sport requiring tactical ability,
judgment and skill rather than strength and fast reflexes. And to dispel the myth that croquet is a
vicious game of hitting your opponent's balls into the shrubbery, any ball leaving the lawn is immediately
brought back on to the 'yard' line. The game is played as singles or doubles but in either case the blue
and black balls always play against the red and yellow balls. In singles, each player uses both balls,
in doubles one each.
The equipment: mallet, hoops, balls, and most important - lawn
The object of the game is to make both balls of your side pass through all the hoops in order and
then hit the peg before your opponent. The first hoop has a blue top and the last hoop to be run,
'rover' has a red top. After the sixth hoop, you run the six hoops again in the reverse direction;
hence they are named 'one-back, two-back', etc. until the 'penultimate' hoop and finally rover. See
diagram for the route. Coloured clips are placed on the hoops to remind players (and show spectators)
which hoop has to be run next. They are placed on top for the first time through, on the side for the
To begin a game the balls are played onto the lawn one at a time alternately by each side, from either
A or B baulk (see diagram below). After that the side can choose which ball to play during each turn.
At the beginning of a turn a player has only one stroke but, depending on what you do, you may gain extra
strokes. If your ball hits another ball it is called a 'roquet' and you earn the right to take 'croquet',
the stroke that is unique to the game of Croquet and where the fun really begins.
Positioning the ball is a precision operation
The croquet stroke is played immediately following a roquet. You pick up your ball and place it
touching the ball you have roqueted. You are then entitled to two more strokes. For the first,
you strike your ball in any direction you choose, but ensuring that the other ball moves and
provided neither ball goes off the lawn you can play a second, or continuation, stroke. The
croquet stroke is the most exciting stroke in the game and can be played in numerous ways to
control both balls. By varying the angle at which you strike and the degree of force and the
follow-through applied a skilful player can send both balls to very accurate destinations
which will enable the break to be continued.
Building a Break is made possible by earning these extra strokes. At the beginning of a turn you may roquet
the other three balls and take croquet from them just once but the moment you run a hoop in order you may roquet
the all three balls again. Thus it is possible to run several hoops in one turn. Skilful players often run all
twelve hoops in one turn; they may even manage to send their partner ball through some of its hoops. This is called
'peeling' and forms an important part of the Advanced form of the game. In case you are thinking this seems too
complicated, don't be disheartened, there are simpler forms of the game. Golf croquet, one-ball and short croquet
are versions which have their own particular requirements of skill and tactics.
Different grips are used for different shots